Ein Gedi is an oasis on the western shore of the Dead Sea, with 400m below sea level, the lowest point on earth and the world’s saltiest sea. The water of the Dead Sea contains over 40 billion tons of minerals, fertilizers and chemicals. The shores of the Dead Sea, 1,165 m below Jerusalem, are an average 6 degrees warmer than Jerusalem at night and 8 degrees during the day. Fresh water springs flowing down from the high cliffs of the Judean Desert, yield a total of about 100 million cubic m of water per year, and have made permanent settlement and agriculture possible since ancient times.
Besides the natural resources of minerals and fresh water supply, Ein Gedi offers a broad variety of Fauna and Flora due to the Syrian-African Rift and the migration of greenery and animals northwards from East Africa. So we are talking about a “Sudanian Zone” – an open forest of trees and tall shrubs, dominated by perennial plants from the grass family. These and the following fresh water springs – Ein Gedi, Einot Zukim, Nahal David and Nahal Arugot – within the midst of the Judean Desert, form the Nature Reserve. The Dead Sea and the nature reserves offer hundreds of people recreational, therapeutic and leisure time activities.